1 “Red Dye 40: Could It Cause Kids to Be Hyper?” http://www.wltx.com/story/news/2014/02/11/1673602
2 Marvin Boris, MD, and Francine S. Mandel, PhD. “Food and Additives are Common Causes of the Attention Deficit Disorder in Children.” Annals of Allergy. October 1994, Volume 73, October 1994.
3 Dr. Joseph Mercola. “First Ever Study Reveals Amounts of Food Dyes in Brand Name Foods.” May 22, 2014. Newsletter. http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2014/05/22/a rtificial-fooddyes.aspx
5 Sarah Kobylewski, Ph.D. Candidate. Food Dyes: A Rainbow of
Risks. Center for Science in the Public Interest. Molecular
Toxicology Program. University of California. p. vi.
6 Ibid. p. 15.
By Nancy Addison CHC, AADP
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By Nancy Addison CHC, AADP
Many people eat and drink soy and soy products. I’m asked questions about soy frequently, so I thought I would address this food.
Soy has many negative effects on health because it is difficult to digest, affects your hormones, and is closely linked to GMOs, pesticides, and harmful processing chemicals.
Soy protein is a complete protein but can be very hard to digest. The Chinese did not eat unfermented soybeans, because they contain quantities of natural toxins or “anti-nutrients” and are high in phytic acid. This means ingesting unfermented soy can prevent the body from absorbing other nutrients like calcium, magnesium, copper, iron, zinc, and particularly protein.
In China, soy was not used as a food until fermentation techniques were discovered in the Zhou Dynasty (1046–256 BC). When soy is fermented—as in miso, tempeh, or soy sauce—the soy nutrients are more digestible and easier to absorb.
Soy has been linked to gastric distress and pancreatic problems, including cancer, and it can impair our body’s uptake of amino acids.(1) It also contains goitrogens, which are known to suppress the functioning of the thyroid.(2)
Most soy on the market today is from genetically modified (GM) seed. 91 percent of soybeans planted in the United States are GM, and the rate is rapidly growing throughout the world, according to Natural News newsletter.(3)
Dr. Gregory Damato points out that “more than 95 percent of GM soy (and 75 percent of other GM crops) is engineered to tolerate glyphosate herbicide, the most common formulation of which is Roundup. (4)
Recent studies by French scientists on the Toxicity of Roundup and Glyphosate found this herbicide carcinogenic.(5)
They found it:
1. Causes cell cycle dysregulation, which is a hallmark of tumor cells and human cancers.
2. Inhibits DNA synthesis in certain parts of the cell cycle— the cells’ reproductive process, which underlies the growth and development of all living organisms.
3. Impedes the hatchings of sea urchins. (Sea urchins were used because they constitute an appropriate model for the identification of undesirable cellular and molecular targets of pollutants.) The delay was found to be dose dependent on the concentration of Roundup. The surfactant polyoxyethylene amine (POEA), another major component of Roundup, was also found to be highly toxic to the embryos when tested alone, and could therefore be a contributing factor.(6)
These reasons are some reasons why I don’t eat soy if I can avoid it, or any other genetically modified food or non-organically grown food.
I recommend reading more about glyphosate herbicide if you are eating non-certified organic foods.
Be aware that soy is added to tortillas, breads, fake meats, and many other foods, supposedly for the “health” benefit. In my opinion, it is really used as cheap filler.
Health and nutrition expert Dr. Joseph Mercola writes that the advertising industry has misled the public about the safety and health benefits of soy, as well as the widespread use of it in the Asian diet. He states, “A study of the history of soy use in Asia shows that the poor used it during times of extreme food shortage, and only when the soybeans were carefully prepared (e.g. by lengthy fermentation) to destroy the soy toxins.”(7)
He goes on to say that, contrary to some reports in the West, it is not the usual practice in Asian countries to feed soy milk to infants.(8)
Be aware of this when you read food labels that refer to soy’s health benefits, even those that display an FDA statement that soy can help lower the risk of heart disease.
In 2000, two FDA employees, Daniel Doerge and Daniel Sheehan, were so worried about the danger of soy that they wrote a controversial letter to their employer, protesting the positive health claims for soy that the FDA was approving at the time.
There is abundant evidence that some of the isoflavones found in soy—including genistein and equol, a metabolite of daidzen—demonstrate toxicity in estrogen sensitive tissues and in the thyroid. This is true for a number of species, including humans.
Additionally, isoflavones are inhibitors of the thyroid peroxidase which makes T3 and T4.
Inhibition can be expected to generate thyroid abnormalities, including goiter and autoimmune thyroiditis. There exists a significant body of animal data that demonstrates goitrogenic and even carcinogenic effects of soy products.
Moreover, there are significant reports of goitrogenic effects from soy consumption in human infants.(9)
Think carefully about the effects that soy can have on the thyroid (our master gland which affects almost all aspects of our health) and estrogen. Many doctors and nutritionists are soy proponents. Be careful and research this yourself if you are concerned.
A billion-dollar industry advertises soy as the answer to many health issues, from heart disease to weight problems. Soy is frequently touted as the answer to women’s menopause hormone imbalances. This is one of the reasons why so many doctors and older women were happy to embrace it.
Soy and soy-based products contain isoflavones or phytoestrogens, which are plant-based estrogens. Soy is not the only food that contains phytoestrogens. There are other less controversial and more digestible foods with phytoestrogens you can include in your diet.
For men, eating soy isoflavones can significantly reduce testicular function and lower luteinizing hormone (LH) production, which is what signals the testicles to work. A high soy intake which potentially lowers level of LH increases the probability of estrogen dominance in men, contributing to hair loss, swollen and cancerous prostates, and insulin resistance.
Dr. Doris Rapp, MD, a leading pediatric allergist, asserts that environmental and food estrogens are responsible for the worldwide reduction in male fertility.(10)
Soy consumption has been linked with cancer in adults, notably breast cancer, as I read in an article by Jim Rutz. He went on to say:
That’s why the governments of Israel, the UK, France, and New Zealand are already cracking down hard on soy… In sad contrast, 60 percent of the refined foods in US supermarkets now contain soy. Worse, soy use may double in the next few years because (last I heard) the out-of-touch medicrats in the FDA hierarchy are considering allowing manufacturers of cereal, energy bars, fake milk, fake yogurt, etc., to claim that “soy prevents cancer.”
It doesn’t…P.S.: Soy sauce is fine. Unlike soy milk, it’s perfectly safe because it’s fermented, which changes its molecular structure. Miso, natto, and tempeh are also okay, but avoid tofu.(11)
Soy can create allergic reactions. In 1986, Dr. Stuart Berger, MD, placed soy among the top seven allergens, one of the “sinister seven.”
Finally, completely avoid soy protein isolate. It is a byproduct of soybean oil processing that is found in a huge number of vegan foods. A standard soybean contains 40 percent protein, while soy protein isolate is usually about 95 percent protein. But it poses serious health risks.
The processing of soy protein isolate is done mostly in aluminum tanks that leach high levels of aluminum into the product. Then MSG, flavorings, preservatives, sweeteners, and synthetic chemicals are frequently added to help get rid of the “beany” taste and add more “meaty” flavor. In animal experiments, the test animals fed soy isolate developed enlarged organs, particularly the thyroid and the pancreas.
After the soybeans—which are mostly GMO varieties—are crushed to extract the oil, the leftover soy “chunks” (which still contain fiber, water, some fat, and other carbohydrates) then undergo another extraction process that involves hexane—a neurotoxin that is also a substantial component in gasoline.
The next step involves soaking these chunks in a chemical mixture (which commonly contains ammonia and hydrochloric acid) to help concentrate protein levels and achieve a sponge-like texture. Finally, the mixture is spray-dried.(12)
Soy protein isolate can only be made in factories. Healthy, whole foods should be possible to make in a kitchen. You can grind your own almond flour at home from almonds. You can make your own seitan (wheat meat) at home. You can make your own rice milk or hemp milk at home with a blender and some whole-food ingredients.
The only way to make soy protein isolate is by using extremely flammable and hazardous chemicals, like hexane, and extreme temperatures that you could not possibly obtain in a kitchen setting.
Hexane is not used in the production of organic soy protein isolate. For a list of which protein bars and soy burgers are made using hexane-extracted soy protein isolates and which aren’t, go to: www.cornucopia.org/hexane-guides/hexane_guide_bars.html.
As I researched soy, I came to seriously reconsider its use. I avoid it in most forms, but I do, however, use organic, non-GMO fermented soy sauce. I also use organic miso and tempeh occasionally. There are alternative organic misos now that are made with brown rice, garbanzo beans, and barley—and they taste terrific. I buy these instead of the soy variety.
In conclusion, I do not recommend soy or soy protein for a healing diet.
If you are going to buy soy, purchase certified organic, sprouted, non-GMO soy because it won’t be from genetically modified seeds. If you must buy soy, purchase sprouted and/or fermented, non-GMO, certified organic soy for a more digestible and less harmful soy protein, and avoid soy protein isolates.
1. Damato, Gregory. (2009, May 27). “GM-Soy: Destroy the Earth and Humans for Profit.” Natural News. http://www.naturalnews.com/026334_soy_Roundup_GMO.htm l#ixzz1RzIZAWwh
2. Fallon, Sally, & Enig, Mary G. (2000, April–May). “Newest Research on Why You Should Avoid Soy.” Nexus, 7(3). http://www.eregimens.com/therapies/Diet/Soy/NewestResearc honwhyYouShouldAvoidSoy.htm
3. Damato, Gregory. (2009, May 27). “GM-Soy: Destroy the Earth and Humans for Profit” Natural News. http://www.naturalnews.com/026334_soy_research_Roundup.h tml
5. Mercola, Joseph. (2012, June 9). “New Evidence Against These Cancer-causing Foods – and the Massive Cover-up Effort.” http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2012/06/09/mons anto-roundup-found-to-be-carcinogenic.aspx
6. Bellé, R., et. al. (May 9, 2012). Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B: Critical Reviews, 15(4): 233-237. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10937404.2012.67 2149
7. Mercola, Joseph. (2009, January 9). “Learn the Truth About Soy. Just How Much Soy Do Asians Eat?” http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2000/01/09/truth-about-soy.aspx
9. Sheegan, Daniel M., & Doerge, Daniel R. (1999, February 18).Letter to Dockets Management Branch (HFA-305). The letter was posted on ABCnews.com as “Scientists Protest Soy Approval.”
10. Bellatti, Andy. “You Ask, I Answer: Soy Protein Isolate.” Medpedia. Belatti is a commenter on the original article by Kelsey Lepp. http://smallbites.andybellatti.com/you-ask-i- answer-soy-protein-isolate/
11. Rutz, Jim. (2006, December 12). “Soy is Making Kids ‘Gay’.” WND Commentary. http://www.wnd.com/2006/12/39353/
12. Cousens, Gabriel. (2008). There Is a Cure for Diabetes. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.
Check out Nancy Addison’s #1 best selling, award winning healthy cookbooks! She has written 5 of them! Click here to view her author page on Amazon.
Leave a comment and join the conversation!
1. Red Dye 40: Could It Cause Kids to Be Hyper?” http://www.wltx.com/story/news/2014/02/11/1673602
2 Marvin Boris, MD, and Francine S. Mandel, PhD. “Food and
Additives are Common Causes of the Attention Deficit Disorder in Children.” Annals of Allergy. October 1994, Volume 73, October 1994.
3. Dr. Joseph Mercola. “First Ever Study Reveals Amounts of Food Dyes in Brand Name Foods.” May 22, 2014. Newsletter. http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2014/05/22/a rtificial-fooddyes. aspx
5.. Sarah Kobylewski, Ph.D. Candidate. Food Dyes: A Rainbow of
Risks. Center for Science in the Public Interest. Molecular
Toxicology Program. University of California. p. vi.
6. Ibid. p. 15.
Water is the elixir of life!
It is a key ingredient for our health and well-being because our bodies are 66–72% water.
Blood uses water to transport oxygen, nutrients, and antibodies to all parts of the body.
Many illnesses are actually a result of dehydration, so it is important to maintain an adequate intake of water throughout the day. By the time you feel thirsty, you are already dehydrated.
Dr. Fereydoon Batmanghelidj, MD, treated and cured approximately 3,000 prisoners suffering from what he called chronic intracellular dehydration.
The “water cure” he prescribes is:
Sufficient water. Drink an ounce of water for every two pounds of body weight daily.
Sea salt. Put 1/8 teaspoon of sea salt on the tongue with every 16 ounces of water.
Be mindful of the source of the water you drink, bathe, and swim in.
Almost all public water supplies have chemicals added, including chlorine and sodium fluoride—both of which are poisons.
Chlorine was the first poison developed for warfare. It destroys Vitamin E in the body and the good probiotics in the intestines. “Industrial chemist J.P. Bercz, PhD, showed in 1992 that chlorinated water alters and destroys unsaturated essential fatty acids (EFAs), the building blocks of people’s brains and central nervous systems.”1
Our skin is our largest organ. While showering or swimming in chlorinated water, chlorine is absorbed directly into the skin and enters the blood stream in the same way we absorb medication delivered by a skin patch.
Research linking swimming in chlorinated pools to medical conditions continues to make headlines. Studies indicate, among other things, that swimming in chlorinated water may increase the risk of developing cancer and may damage the lungs.2
Sodium fluoride is a byproduct of the manufacture of aluminum and fertilizers, and can be contaminated with lead and arsenic. It is commonly added by governments to our municipal water supply on the pretext that it is good for our teeth and health, but the dental studies upon which this practice is based were done using calcium fluoride, not sodium fluoride.
Fluoride has been used in Chinese medicine as a tranquilizer, and also in many places as a rat poison. The chemically derived fluorides added to our water are completely different from naturally occurring fluoride. According to Dr. Paul Connett, PhD:
“Fluoride is a cumulative poison. On average, only 50 percent of the fluoride we ingest each day is excreted through the kidneys. The remainder accumulates in our bones, pineal gland, and other tissues. If the kidney is damaged, fluoride accumulation will increase, and with it, the likelihood of harm.”3
Fluoride affects the thyroid gland and all of our enzymatic systems. Side effects from fluoride ingestion include weight problems, damage to the immune system, and other serious disorders. Fluoride affects people of different ages differently. According to Dr. Connett:
“The level of fluoride put into water (1 ppm) is up to 200 times higher than normally found in mothers’ milk (0.005–0.01 ppm) (Ekstrand, 1981; Institute of Medicine, 1997). There are no benefits, only risks, for infants ingesting this heightened level of fluoride at such an early age. (This is an age where susceptibility to environmental toxins is particularly high.)”4
I learned recently about a study from 2001 on fluoride and osteosarcoma, which was a critical study in the form of Dr. Elise Bassin’s PhD dissertation at Harvard University. It found a strong, statistically significant relationship between “fluoride exposure during the sixth through eighth years of life (the ‘mid-childhood growth spurt’) and the later development of osteosarcoma among young males.”5
Dr. Bassin’s thesis was extremely well-researched and detailed, with accurate assessments of her subjects and the content of their drinking water. Her work detected a direct association with fluoride and osteosarcoma. Her work and her findings show:
“Bone is the principal site for fluoride accumulation within the body, and the rate of accumulation is elevated during the periods of bone development. Thus, the cells in the bone, particularly during the growth spurts, may be exposed to some of the highest fluoride concentrations in the body.”6
Her study shows that fluoride is toxic and carcinogenic. Osteosarcoma, a rare form of cancer, appears in young men in their late teens and early twenties. Her research and her findings have never been disproven.
I then looked back at where fluoride was first introduced as the way to prevent tooth decay, and at the study used to promote it. It was a study done in the cities of Newburgh and Kingston, NY, which are 40 miles apart. However, a 1995 review of tooth decay in these communities found:
“After 10 years of the trial (which was methodologically flawed), it looked as if there was a large decrease in dental cavities in the fluoridated community, compared to the non-fluoridated community. However, when children were re-examined in these two cities in 1995 (50 years after the trial began), there was practically no difference in the dental decay in the two communities. If anything, the teeth in the non-fluoridated Kingston were slightly better.”7
It looks like to me like there was a study, with no long-term effect yet in place, promoting the use of fluoride in our water to provide better dental health. Yet as long-term studies were done, they found that was actually not the case. It did not help with dental health, and, in fact, adding this toxic chemical to the water supply was found to cause many other health problems.
It was added in a way that was not regulated in dosage or concentration, thus causing a cumulative effect in people’s bodies.
Then, consider the numerous studies done by leading dental researchers showing results that the mechanisms of fluoride’s benefits were mainly “topical not systemic,” meaning that fluoride worked some when they put it on teeth topically. It didn’t work when ingested.8
Studies show that dental decay has been declining in every country at about the same rate, even since before fluoride was introduced. Decay rates are still declining, whether the countries have fluoride or not.9,10 Is it because the toothbrush was introduced? Maybe our hygiene has just improved over the last decade.
What I realize from my research is that ingested fluoride can cause severe health problems, including and not limited to thyroid health problems,11,12,13 brittle bones,14 and cancer.15,16 Sweden, Denmark, Holland, Germany, Belgium, Norway, and France do not put fluoride in their water. Some of these countries have made it illegal to add it to the water supply.
Huge numbers of Safe Drinking Water Act violations are reported each year by water treatment facilities. Many areas have old, dirty water pipes, and some even have really old lead pipes. New Scientist reported that a comprehensive survey of US drinking water showed it contained an array of hormonally active chemicals like MTBE (methyl tertiary butyl ether)—a chemical found in fuel, and a potential human carcinogen in high doses—and atrazine, a US pesticide that was banned in the European Union. Atrazine has been linked to reproductive problems in lab animals and is also linked to both breast cancer and prostate cancer.
In 2010, National Geographic reported that drinking water in schools in 27 states was contaminated with toxic substances, including lead.17 In 2009, the Associated Press analyzed data from the EPA and found the public water for approximately 100 school districts contained lead, pesticides, and other toxins.18 If they are being pumped into schools, then they are probably being pumped into homes and businesses as well.
So, what do we do? We need to drink water. What is the best choice?
Natural spring water, well water, or fresh water sources contain minerals and nutrients, so they are good options. When drinking purified bottled water, you can add some minerals, like a pinch of sea salt. When you do this, your body won’t need to pull minerals from itself to process the water.
Bottled water is what most people choose a good deal of the time, but is that a great choice? Here are eight things you should know about bottled water.
1. The EPA standards of the Clean Water Act do not apply to bottled water. There is very little regulation on bottled water, which is why I recommend having your own filter. The labels on bottled water often show springs with clear fresh water. But 25–45% of the bottled water is actually just TAP WATER! Not only that, but tap water is at least regulated and tested hundreds of times a month. The bottled water is only required to be tested once a week.
Some independent tests by the EWG of 10 major brands of bottle water have shown 38 pollutants, including disinfection byproducts, fertilizer residue, and pain medication.19
“Two of the 10 brands tested, Walmart’s and Giant’s store brands, bore the chemical signature of standard municipal water treatment—a cocktail of chlorine disinfection byproducts, and for Giant water, even fluoride. In other words, this bottled water was chemically indistinguishable from tap water.”20
2. Bottled water is environmentally harmful from a community standpoint and a landfill standpoint. I’m from Texas, and Ozarka is draining many of the underground aquifers that the communities and farmers depend on for their water. Another major brand, FIJI Water, is draining the Fiji islands’ aquifer. Today they suffer from drought, crumbling pipes, and antiquated water treatment plants, but access to what should really be their water is denied them. In face, “53 percent of the people who live in Fiji don’t have access to clean, safe water.” 21 Ironically, tests conducted by the Cleveland water department on FIJI water found that it contained much more arsenic and other contaminants than Cleveland tap water.22
3. Store water in glass containers, not plastic. The potentially hazardous chemical BPA is found in many plastic containers. BPA is a hormone disrupter. Studies have concluded that hormone-altering chemicals are damaging, even in very small doses. Scientific studies have linked BPA to asthma, cancer, infertility, low sperm count, heart disease, liver problems, early-onset diabetes, early puberty, and ADHD.23
It can leach into water for various reasons, including when a water-filled plastic container heats up— especially if it is left sitting in a hot car. Some would say to only use plastic containers marked with #2, #4, or #5 on the bottom, because they are supposedly safer. But really, thousands of chemical additives are added to plastics. Additives called “plasticizers” are used to soften plastic. PVC, one of the “plasticizers,” contains phthalates, which are known to disrupt the endocrine system.24 Phthalate chemicals have also been found to be carcinogenic.25
Studies have found that when plastics are heated, by leaving them in a hot car or washing them in a dishwasher, this increases the leaching of chemicals. Bottled water often travels many miles and through many climates, so the chance of it getting heated up at some point in its journey is very real.
4. Plastic pollution is a worldwide crisis. It’s a problem worldwide, but the plastic pollution in oceans is massive. I previously served as secretary of the Earth Society affiliated with the UN. I currently volunteer with a non-profit organization trying to restore life and natural balance to the sea grasses and sea life off the Texas coast. What I’ve learned is really shocking. New research published in PLOS One estimates “more than five trillion pieces of plastic, collectively weighing nearly 269,000 tonnes, are floating in the world’s oceans, causing damage throughout the food chain”.26 There is an island of plastic in the Pacific Ocean that is as large as the state of Texas.27 Water bottles are a large part of the plastic pollution. The US alone will discard, on average, 38 billion water bottles a year.
5. More than a million marine species are killed every year due to plastic pollution. Getting caught in plastic litter is a major cause of death of seabirds, sea turtles, seals and other marine mammals. Plastic ingested by sea life cause excruciating deaths. We all suffer as a result of this. And if you eat fish because you think it will be good for your health, remember you are ingesting whatever the fish have ingested as well.
6. Plastic manufacturing, which uses petroleum or natural gas, requires a huge amount of energy and resources. It’s estimated that over 17 million barrels of oil are required to produce the water bottles in the US alone.
7. Manufacturing water bottles causes air pollution. Phthalates, the chemicals used to make some plastics soft, are toxic and are constantly releasing these toxins into our air and environment, wherever they are.
8. About 80% of water bottles are not recycled. Most of them end up on beaches and roadways, and in streams.
If you want to continue to drink water, but you don’t want to use plastic water bottles, what do you do? You can’t drink the tap water. We’ve already become aware of the pollutants in that. So, I recommend using a water filter in your home, and filling your own glass or steel water bottle. This will cut down on the plastic-infused water and the huge amount of pollution the plastic water bottles cause.
There are many options for home water filters, ranging from carbon to reverse osmosis to home distillers. People ask me about the less expensive pitchers with the carbon filters. Many don’t remove enough of the contaminants, and most are unable to remove fluoride. Reverse osmosis systems produce extremely pure water, and they can be an excellent solution. But, they have always needed to be installed under the sink, and they can cost hundreds or thousands of dollars depending on the size you want. Then, buying new filters for them can be a major cost each year as well.
I’ve been researching water filtration systems for the home for over 30 years. But recently, I learned about a brand new countertop reverse osmosis unit that is very affordable, requires no installation fees, and has minimal maintenance costs. This unit is called the AquaTru. It is a high-quality, affordable filter that can be a fantastic solution for someone who wants safe, delicious, environmentally conscious water for their family.
The AquaTru is a countertop unit that takes only a few minutes to set up. It’s easily movable, and it doesn’t require any plumbing. It utilizes a patented four-stage process that removes chlorine, salt and metal ions (including fluorides), VOC gasses, and many other contaminants. In fact, tests showed the AquaTru removed 128 contaminants.
1. Hattersley, Joseph G. (2000). “The Negative Health Effects of Chlorine.” The Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine, Vol. 15, 2nd Quarter 2000. http://www.orthomolecular.org/library/jom/2000/articles/2000-v15n02-p089.shtml
2. Sohn, Emily. (2010, September 21). “Chlorinated Pools May Increase Cancer Risk.” NBC News. http://www.nbcnews.com/id/39139307/ns/technology_and_science-science/t/chlorinated-pools-may-increase-cancer-risk/
3. Connett, Paul. (2011, January 9).“50 Reasons to Oppose Fluoridation.” Canton, NY: St. Lawrence University. http://www.foodconsumer.org/newsite/Non-food/Environment/50_reasons_to_oppose_fluoridation_0109111037.html
Originally published as:
Connett, Paul. (2004). Fifty reasons to oppose fluoridation. Medical Veritas, [1:70]-80. In the introduction to the 2004 version it was explained that after over four years the Irish authorities had not been able to muster a response to the “50 Reasons,” despite agreeing to do so in 2000. 2004 edition retrieved from http://www.waterskraus.com/pdf/50%20Reasons%20to%20Oppose%20Fluoridation.pdf
5. Connet, Paul, et. al. (2005, April 8). Revisiting the fluoride-osteosarcoma connection in the context of Elise Bassin’s findings: part II. Submitted to the NRC review on the Toxicology of Fluoride in Water. http://oehha.ca.gov/Prop65/public_meetings/052909coms/fluoride/AEHSPFANFluoride2.pdf
6. Ibid., page 4.
7. Kumar, JV and Green, EL. (1998, February). “Recommendations for Fluoride Use in Children.” NY State Dental Journal, p. 41-48. Qtd by Connet in 50 Reasons to Oppose Fluoridation.
8. Levine, 1976; Ferjerskov, Thylstrup and Larsen, 1981; Carlos, 1983; Featherstone, 1987, 1999, 2000; Margolis and Moreno, 1990; Clark, 1993; Burt, 1994; Shellis and Duckworth, 1994; and Limeback, 1999, 2000; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1999. (All cited on p. 2, 50 Reasons to Oppose Fluoridation, by Dr. Paul Connett.)
9. Diesendorf, Mark. (1986, July 10). “The Mystery of the Declining Dental Decay.” (Commentary). Nature, 322: 125-129. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v322/n6075/pdf/322125a0.pdf
10. Colquhoun, J. (1997, Autumn). Why I changed my mind on fluoridation. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 41(1): 29-44. University of Chicago Press. Full text reprinted at http://www.fluoridation.com/colquhoun.htm
11. Galetti, P and Joyet, G. (October, 1958). Effect of fluorine on thyroidal iodine metabolism in hyperthyroidism. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 18(10): 1102-1110. Reprinted at http://www.slweb.org/galletti.html
12. Ditkoff, B. A. & Lo Gerfo, P. (2000). The Thyroid Guide. NY: Harper-Collins.
13. Lin, F. F., et. al. (1991). The relationship of a low–iodine and high–fluoride environment to subclinical cretinism in Xinjiang. Iodine Deficiency Disorder Newsletter 7.
14. US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). (2003, September). Toxicological profile for fluorides, hydrogen, fluoride, and fluorine. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp11.pdf
Summary page at http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp.asp?id=212&tid=38
15. Hoover, R. N., et. al. (1990). Fluoridation of Drinking Water and Subsequent Cancer Incidence and Mortality. Report to the Director of the National Cancer Institute.
16. Connet, P., et. al. (2005, March 2). Revisiting the Fluoride-Osteosarcoma connection in the context of Elise Bassin’s findings: Part 1, page 1. Submitted to the NRC review panel on the Toxicology of Fluoride in Water. http://www.fluoridealert.org/wp-content/uploads/fan-bassin.2006a.pdf
17. Barclay, Eliza. (2010, March 5). “What’s Best for Kids: Bottled Water or Fountains?” National Geographic. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/02/100303-bottled-water-tap-schools/
18. Associated Press. (2009, September 25). “Drinking Water at Schools Contains Lead, Pesticides, Other Toxins: Study.” New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/health/drinking-water-schools-lead-pesticides-toxins-study-article-1.404089
19. Naidenko, Olga, et. al. (2008, October 15). “Bottled Water Quality Investigation: 10 Major Brands, 38 Pollutants.” EWG (Environmental Workers Group). http://www.ewg.org/research/bottled-water-quality-investigation
21. World, NPR, “A Bottled-Water Drama In Fiji”
22. “Cleveland Takes Offense at Fiji Water Ad.” (2006, July 20). The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/07/20/AR2006072000322.html
23. Vandenberg, L. N., et. al. (2012, June). “Hormones and Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals: Low-Dose Effects and Nonmonotonic Dose Responses.” Endocrine Reviews, 33(3):378-455. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3365860/
25. Le, Hoa H., et. al. (2008, January 30). “Bisphenol A is released from polycarbonate drinking bottles and mimics the neurotoxic actions of estrogen in developing cerebellar neurons.” Toxicology Letters, 176(2): 149-156. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2254523/
26. Milman, Oliver. (2014, December 10). “Full Scale of Plastic in the World’s Oceans Revealed for First Time.” The Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/dec/10/full-scale-plastic-worlds-oceans-revealed-first-time-pollution